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Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health: Volume 12, Number 1, Jan 2005 Editorial

1. Editorial : SIS as an Electronic Aide to Assessment and Therapeutic Intervention, B.L.Dubey, Professor Panjab University, Chandigarh, Email: bldubey@gmail.com, pages 1-2.

I feel honored to express my views as Editor of the “SIS Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health” through this Editorial. The Journal has reached various university Libraries in different countries. The Book “Interpreting Inner World Through Somatic Imagery” jointly authored by Wilfred A. Cassell and Bankey L. Dubey, published by the Somatic Inkblot Society, has reached about 700 National and International libraries.The book is the lifetime experience of the authors emphasizing symbolic psychoanalytical interpretation of responses projected on somatic imagery of SIS instruments.

The SIS is a non-profit international social organization, which promotes personality development, mental health and personal growth using somatic inkblot series images now available on the Internet http://www.somaticinkblots.com). Practitioners strive to respond to the worldwide crisis that calls for help, through their use of the SIS.

The “SIS Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health “ is published regularly in January and July. The Journal is devoted to the advancement of research in the areas of projective psychology, personality assessment, psychotherapy and mental health. Broadly concerned with applications in organizational, clinical, counseling, cross-cultural and health psychology settings, the Journal is distributed to Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Medical Professionals and Professional Managers interested in the understanding and modification of human behavior.

I am particularly grateful to Wilfred A.Cassell, Mrs.Padma Dwivedi, Sam Manikam, Rakesh Pandey, Amool Ranjan Singh, Anil Agrawal, Paul Panek, Anand Dubey and Col. Rajinder Singh for their continuous support by contributing research papers regularly and their help to improve the quality of the Journal. I would also like to express my appreciation to all members of the Editorial Board and the authors for their contributions to the journal.

The SIS Instrument, particularly the 62 image SIS-II test, is also available on CD. Probably in the future instead of using Video, people will use the CD form of the SIS Instrument. Wilfred A. Cassell, the Pioneer of the SIS Instrument, must be congratulated for a unique contribution to being a Psychologist, Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist and Therapist engaged in modifying human behavior.

A group of professional Psychologists conducting workshops on “Personality Development” in the USA have shown interest in SIS images particularly on the CD version of the Somatic Inkblot Series. We are looking ahead for the day when people interested in assessing the strength and weaknesses of their personality will visit our website to take the SIS test.

The increasing usage of the various forms of the SIS in different parts of the world, as well the translation of the SIS manual into Russian and Italian, is the harbinger of its global success. Normative data on students, business executives, army personnel and general population and clinical data on schizophrenics, neurotics, depressives,sexually traumatized people, drug addicts and alcoholics are available. Apart from being a tool for personality assessment and diagnosis; the SIS images have proven to be an excellent therapeutic tool. Various cases published in SIS Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health demonstrate its therapeutic power.

The abstracts and all issues of the Journal, Manual of SIS Test, Book “Interpreting Inner World Through Somatic Imagery” and updated relevant information about SIS Society are now available at our website (http://www.somaticinkblots.com). The use of SIS as an aide during selection and promotion interviews suggests its popularity in the area of human Resource Management. It has also been used as a therapeutic aide in industry.I sincerely invite you to join this noble venture and support it by contributing research papers and institutional membership.

2. Presidential Address: SIS Stimulation of Beacon Imagery, Wilfred A. Cassell, pages 3-8.

Thank you for the opportunity to communicate with you at this 2004 international meeting of the Somatic Inkblot Society. I sincerely welcome the chief guest Prof. Jancy James,Ph.D., Vice Chancellor M.G.University, Kottayam who has spared me valuable time from her busy schedule. We feel most honored and grassed by your presence. I am equally gratified to welcome his Holiness Swami Poornamrithananda Puri, Amritanandamayi Math, Dr. Razeena Padmam Director, for gracing the occasion. I wish to express my appreciation to Dr Bankey L. Dubey who is so eminently qualified to carry the SIS leadership banner. I also want to thank Padma Dwivedi, Prakash Chandran as well as all those wonderful people who are making this meeting an immense success. I regret that we are unable to attend for health reasons. Although Mary and I are not present physically, we are with you in spirit.

As we convene, let us take a few moments to greet all members of Somatic Inkblot Society, eminent Clinicians and Psychiatrists, Professional Psychologists, foreign delegates and students attending this conference. In order to optimize our spiritual closeness, please shut your eyes for a few moments. Begin to breathe deeply and slowly, letting a feeling of relaxation pass over your entire body. Imagine that you are gently moving down a path surrounded by beautiful SIS flowers. Visualize our seeing each other smiling, shaking hands and warmly hugging as you accept sincere encouragement for your SIS contributions. Now open your eyes to the reality of this conference. Look forward to sharing information and bonding with all in attendance.

SIS technology permits us to activate specific types of images for a number of innovative clinical applications. Members of this society should be congratulated for their rich contributions to the SIS Journal of Projective Psychology & Mental Health. This meeting provides an opportunity to celebrate our journal’s eleventh anniversary, as well as its growing international scientific status.

3. Defense Mechanism Technique Modified (DMTm), DSM-III-R Clusters and Personality Disorders in Drug Abusers: Kristian Aleman, Email:kristian.aleman@ka-psychoanalysis.se.,pages 9-19.

In the present investigation, the aim was to see how signs of DMTm (Defense Mechanism Technique modified) related especially to DSM-III-R clusters, but also to personality disorders on its own (independently of cluster) and in relation to drug abuse heroin/amphetamine), depression and panic disorder. The group studied was 65 non- psychotic, but severe, drug abusers, 36 drug abusers injecting heroin and 29 injecting amphetamine. The results of DMTm signs (i.e. signs of defense mechanisms, different kinds of anxiety and “additional” signs) showed statistical significance of projected intro aggression in relation to cluster A (n=15, called “Odd”) and inhibition proved to be significant in cluster C (n=22, “Fearful”). Furthermore, the results showed significance of intro-aggression, barrier isolation and disappearance of threat in borderline personality disorder (n=8) on its own. Finally, correlation between affect isolation and panic disorder was seen. All these results were interpreted using the Andersson psychoanalytic model of the mind. The psychoanalytic interpretations of this study may provide guidance in planning treatments of drug abusers.

4. Consistency of Structural Summary Scores in Computerized Rorschach Programs: Michael J. Gournaris and Irene W. Leigh, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20002. Email: mjgournaris@hotmail.com. and Ross E. Mitchell, Graduate Research Institute, Gallaudet University, pages 20-26.

This study evaluates the consistency of three computerized Rorschach scoring programs. The ratios, percentages, and derivations from 40 Rorschach protocols were derived to evaluate the consistency among these programs. RIAP4™ PLUS and ROR-SCAN© programs have 23 identical Summary Scores (SS) scores (out of 30 scores), the RIAP4™ PLUS vs. Rorschach Profiler© programs have 9 identical SS scores (out of 30 scores), and finally, 9 scores out of 30 SS scores were also found to be identical for both ROR-SCAN© and Rorschach Profiler© programs. The RIAP4™ PLUS and ROR-SCAN© scoring programs were consistently similar in their scoring outputs when compared with each other, while the Rorschach Profiler© appeared to be different in scoring outputs. The potential of the impact on Rorschach interpretations using Exner’s Comprehensive System is also discussed based on the scoring discrepancies identified.

5. Impact of Number of Responses on the Interpretation of Rorschach Indices: Bankey L. Dubey, Wilfred A. Cassell and Anand Dubey, Email: bldubey@gmail.com, pages 27-48.

Two hundred psychiatric patients were admitted in a military hospital and one hundred normal subjects in the age range of 20-40 years, all males, were administered the Rorschach test. A number for scoring indices of the Rorschach protocol is said to be dependent on the number of responses given by the subjects. Therefore, a procedure for controlling the protocol for productivity was warranted. Accordingly, all the 300 protocols were divided on the basis of their number of responses into two groups taking the combined median as the cut-off point. The above median group is called “High Productivity Group (HPG)” and below median group is “Low Productivity Group (LPG)”. Each of these groups was separately analyzed by a chi-square test for each of the Rorschach indices. The mean values for the profiles of normal, schizophrenia and neurosis were calculated for various indices separately for HPG and LPG groups to facilitate comparison with other studies.

6. Relevance of Beck Norms of Rorschach Inkblot Technique on Indian Population-an Exploratory Pilot Study on Normal Subjects: D.K.Singh, Anjali Singh and Amool Ranjan Singh, pages 49-52.

One hundred normal subjects in the age range of 18-50 years; both male and female with minimum education up to 12th standard were taken for the study. It was a purposive sampling Rorschach Test and PGI General Well-Being Measure were administered individually. No individual with a history suggesting mental retardation,) substance abuse, significant medical, neurological or psychiatric disorders and personal history of mental illness were included in the study. Results suggest that the findings of Indian studies do not match either with each other or with the norms suggested by Samuel Beck. It further emphasizes the need of Indian Norms on a larger population.

7. Diagnostic Indicators on SIS-I and Rorschach Among Manic and Depressive Patients: Deepak Kumar, Jagdish Kumar and Rakesh Kumar, Email: mindpowerlab@gmail.com, pages 53-60.

The present study reports Rorschach and SIS-I diagnostic indicators of manic and depressive disorders as well as the diagnostic compatibility of the two tests. Two clinical groups: manic (N=50) and depressives (N=50) along with a normal control group (n=50) were tested individually on Rorschach and SIS-I. The individual protocols on these tests were scored on several common indices and between group comparisons were done using the t-test. Findings revealed that the SISI provided important diagnostic information not only for differentiating clinical cases from normal healthy subjects but also for differentiating manic from depressives. It was also observed that the diagnostic efficacy of the SIS-I was comparable to that of the Rorschach and both tests were found to provide psychometrically compatible information in a sample of normal subjects.

8. Rorschach Inkblot Test in India : Historical Review and Perspectives for Future Action : L. Sam S. Manickam and B.L. Dubey, Email: lssmanickam@gmail.com, pages 61-78.

The Rorschach test has been in use in India since 1947 and the volume of research studies revealed that the test is being used with a diverse population. Different scoring systems were followed and the review of the studies indicated its popular use with the clinical population. However, there was no major and in-depth study undertaken on its adaptation or improvising the scoring pattern, or comparison of different scoring methods. With the introduction of the Somatic Inkblot Series, a projective test available in different forms including the video series, there is increased research on SIS compared to the Rorschach test. Though the studies suggested the usefulness of the test in aiding diagnosis, understanding psychopathology and helping in therapy, the declining research interest on the test impels to revitalize the training and research of the test in India. Efforts across the country may be pooled in to develop norms for different indices including the content signs for Caste and Religion wise, Culturally, Ethnically and Linguistically Diverse (CARCEALD) Indian populations.

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