Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health: Volume 6, Number 2, July 1999 Editorial
|1. Editorial: New Horizons in Psychotherapy, N.L. Dosajh, pages 1-3.
Most of the troubles with which a psychotherapist has to deal with are of a psychosomatic nature, which can be approached from two sides-Mind or Body or both. If we approach the mental side we have to take into consideration the whole of the psyche – its conscious as well as its unconscious aspects. The conscious aspect is easy to tackle, because the trouble is at the surface level and is apparent both to the patient as well as the clinician. But when the trouble is at the deeper level of the personal unconscious or still deeper at the collective unconscious level, the problem of diagnosis becomes very difficult because neither the patient knows the causes and the cure nor the clinician. Then comes the necessity of a very sensitive tool like Rorschach, TAT, Holtzman Test, Dosajh (D) Test or Somatic Inkblot Series Test. The author has found the Somatic Inkblot Series (SIS) to be an excellent and a very effective psycho diagnostic tool. Because of its special merits, it has spread all over the world in the span of a few years. It has a number of forms like: SIS-I (20 cards set), SIS – II (62 images test) and SIS-Il Video. The Video test makes the procedure more interesting and dream - like. The subject’s interest is sustained by using light music, floral presentation to the background and zoom-in and zoom-out impressions.7).By introducing the video technology, Cassell (1984) has widened the scope of the use of this test. This way the test can be administered to a group of people at the same time. The Video Test is available on ‘INTERNET’ thus the test now can be administered world-wide simultaneously to all those who are connected with the ‘INTERNET’.
2. A Case of Family Therapy N. L. Dosajh and Rajiv Dosajh, pages 4-6.
A 45 years male, working as an Assistant Manager in a bank with two children was referred to the first author for Psychotherapy. Somatic Inkblot Series II was administered to him. The responses revealed his poor interpersonal relationship with his wife and family tension. Responses found significant are discussed in the case.
3. Stimulating Beacon Images for Meditation and Projective Psychotherapy, Wilfred A. Cassell, Bankey L. Dubey, Elaine Molchanov and Lisa Routh, pages 7-30.
Much previous work suggests that the Somatic Inkblot Series (SIS) and Living Images video (LIV) can prove effective treatment aides. Viewing the inkblots can activate imagery, accessing the “inner cry" of suffering individuals (Cassell, 1980). In those highly resistant to interviewing, the pulling power of the projective approach may be combined with hypnosis, to probe more deeply in releasing grief (Savage 1995). Television viewing prior to sleep can be particularly effective in stimulating the emergence in full consciousness of long forgotten posttraumatic dreams (Cassell & Dubey, 1997). The latter may then become available for subsequent therapeutic analysis and resolution with the assistance of a trained therapist. The present application uses these inkblot techniques to stimulate clinically effective psyche beacons for therapeutically guiding meditation. Some of the theoretical background for this approach was previously outlined in this journal (Cassell, Dubey & Roth, 1997). These concepts will be further expanded upon in this presentation. Clinical case histories will be reviewed of two women whose background included past personal experience in Yoga. In both instances, the essential educational information was recorded in a commercial television studio. This article summarizes the two training video tapes.
4. Stability of SIS - II Response Contents Across Time and Predesignated Image Clusters, Rakesh Pandey, Mridula Mishra, Rajendra Mishra & C. B. Dwivedi, pages 31-37.
The present study examines the stability of SIS-II response contents on a sample of 30 subjects over time in two ways, i.e., it analyses the consistency of responses evolved by individual images in a number of people, as well as it measures an individual’s consistency in responding to all the 62 images of SIS-II. Besides this, it also attempts to present an appraisal of the test-retest reliability of some commonly used SIS-II quantitative indices and response consistency of personality dimension related SIS-II image clusters as proposed by Dubey and associates (Dubey et al., 1995). Separate analyses of response consistency for unstructured and semi-structured images have also been done in this study to substantiate the speculation regarding unstructured images yielding lower response consistency as compared to semi-structured images.
5. Validation of Weiner's Signs in Schizophrenia S. Chaudhury, T.R. John & S.G. Jyothi, pages 38-44.
The Rorschach test by Klopfer's method was administered to 50 schizophrenia patients and an equal number of age and sex matched neurosis patients and normal control subjects. Color stress sign were present in 30 schizophrenia patients, five neurosis patients and five normal controls. Deviant tempo sign was positive in 24 schizophrenia patients, nine neurosis patients and seven normal control subjects. The differences were highly statistically significant. Wiener's signs were found to be a valid diagnostic aid for the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Among the two signs the color stress sign was comparatively more useful as compared to the deviant tempo sign for the diagnosis of schizophrenia.
6. Psychogenic Symptoms in Learning Disabled Children, Sheetala Prasad and A. N. Srivastava, pages 45-50.
This paper reports differences in psychogenic syndromes of 29 learning disabled children who were divided into three subgroups (trainable, severe and profound) on the basis of their learning disability quotient (LDQ). The Rorschach Inkblot Test was individually administered on these children in their home environment. The Rorschach indices showed that the three subgroups of LD children were evincing specific patterns of psychogenic syndrome. Details of their syndrome for the trainable, severe and profound subgroups of learning disability have been discussed.
7. Effect of Age and Sex on SIS-II Responses, M.P. Singh, A. Singh and B.L. Dubey, pages 51-77.
The present study was conducted on 480 subjects , half of them male and half female in four categories to find out the effect of age and sex on the projection of Total number of responses, Human responses, Animal responses, Anatomical responses, Sex responses, Movement responses, Most-typical responses and Rejection of images. The Total number of responses was found to be within the normal range of 61 to 65. Significant differences on R, Most-Typical and Rejection images were also found in the normal range. Males and females of this study show high human responses which indicates their healthy interpersonal relationship. Animal responses were found to be higher in males and females of adolescent and adult age as compared to later adult and old age persons. It is also observed that females give higher animal responses than males. Anatomical responses were higher in later adult and old age groups, it may be due to the over body consciousness in this age. Male Ss gave more sex responses than female Ss. Similarly, later adult and old age subjects showed higher sex responses as compared to adolescents and adults. Females showed higher movement responses than males. Pathological responses were almost negligible in all the age groups of males and females. All the SIS-II indices were found to be positively correlated except for the Rejection of images. The most liked and the least liked images were found to be 31B and 29A respectively.
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