Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health: Volume 6, Number 1, Jan 1999 Editorial
|1. Editorial: "Touch-Me-Not" Attitude and Mental Health, S.K. Verma, pages 1-2.
Clinical psychology is a helping profession, and deals with mental health problems of the population-both positive mental healths like quality of life, well-being, satisfaction, adjustment, self-realization etc. as well as negative mental health like dissatisfaction, maladjustment, anxiety, depression, fears, phobias, obsessive-compulsive decisions, etc. To what extent we are able to achieve our goals is dependent upon a number of factors, some of them not under our direct control.
2. A Video Projective Technique for PTSD in Women, Mary A. Cassell; Wilfred A. Cassell; B.L. Dubey; Padma Dwivedi; Elaine Molchanov; Ann M. O’Roark and Lisa C. Routh, pages 3-28.
The following article introduces an extension of the SIS Method and outlines the development and clinical applications of the video, “Living Images”. This television technique, an animated, colorful presentation of 40 images, prepared by women artists, effectively aids in the psychological evaluation and treatment of a spectrum of feminine health problems. These gender- specific experiences range in severity from minor stressful situations to severe ones associated with abuse issues and PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder). Clinical work with the Somatic Inkblot Series (SIS), which can also be administered by video technique, suggests that this projective technique ("Living Images") can be a useful aide in the assessment and treatment of PTSD unique to women. The following sections address projective techniques and PTSD, a description of "Living Images" excerpts from the sound script and applications of the technique in three cases.
3. A Comparative Study of Personality Problems of Russian and American Female Adolescents, Anatoly B. Khromov, Wilfred A. Cassell and B.L. Dubey, pages 29-33.
Somatic Inkblot Series- Card form (Cassell, 1980) was administered to 91 Russian female adolescents in the age group of 18 to 22 years and to a comparable group of 168 Americans in the age range of 18 to 23 years. Examples of negative sexual responses are described on the 20 SIS cards. Americans were more direct in their answers, especially when the stimulus cards/images looked like sexual organs. The Russian adolescents were more conscious about supervising the statements, marking their statements with desirable and acceptable adjuncts. Russian gave fewer pathological anatomy responses, heart responses, rejection responses but greater number of paranoid, somatic repression scale, movement, anxiety threat, hostility, depressive and sexual responses, as compared to American adolescent females.
4. Some Personality Correlates of Selected SIS Variables: Russian Experiences, Anatoly B. Khromov, Wilfred A. Cassell and B. L. Dubey, pages 35-46.
Somatic Inkblot Series card form was administered to 91 Russian female adolescents (age range 18 to 20 years) in addition to some personality questionnaires, general health and psychological measures in order to find out the personality correlates of selected SIS variables. Russians give greater number of movement responses which correlate with high estimation of success in activity; with motivation of achievement and studying; with independence and assuredness; with low rigidity, hostility, personal anxiety; with high cheerfulness with cooperative personality. The responses of movement negatively correlated with basic scales of MMPI such as: D, Pd, Pa,Ps & Sc,. A high level of logical thinking was positively correlated with physiological responses and was negatively related with the sexuality.
5. SIS-Video in a Case of Depression, M. K. Tewari and Padma Dwivedi, pages 47-49.
The Somatic Inkblot Series-Video has proved to be an effective instrument in hearing the inner cry of a suffering individual which may not be possible otherwise. A person may narrate his symptoms and the problems at a conscious level but unable to understand the reason for these uneasy feelings. Painful experiences and repressed desires form the material of the unconscious mind and such material may lead to symptoms. Projective tests particularly inkblot tests help in understanding such unconscious phenomena. Since the Inkblot test does not use verbal language, it brings out whatever is buried in the mind closer to consciousness through the media of inkblot images. Many patients dream after viewing the video test which further helps in understanding the psychopathology of the case and processing their repressed unconscious material. A case study with the help of SIS Video and its interpretation has been given here.
6. Effect of Age and Sex on the Perception of Total Number of Inkblot Images, M. P. Singh, M. Mishra and N. Mishra, pages 50-52.
This paper reports differences in total number of responses on SIS-II in male and female adolescent adults, late adults and old aged subjects. High and low scorer males (n=240) and females (n=240) were identified by the median cut-off score on the criterion of total number of responses (R). Chi-square tests between male and female adolescents, adults and late adults showed significant differences, while old age subjects failed to show a significant sex difference. Within sex comparisons showed significant differences only in females’ across age groups. These results thus demonstrate the effectiveness of R in differentiating personality characteristics of males and females across different age groups.
7. Evaluation of Piotrowski’s Organic Signs of Head Injury, S. Chaudhury, T. R. John, H. S. Bhatoe and S. Rohatgi, pages 53-57.
The Rorschach test by Klopfer’s method was administered to 75 consecutive injury patients and equal number of age, sex, education, marital status, economic status, domicile and intelligence quotient matched normal control subjects. Utilizing the Piotrowski signs we identified 49 of the head injury patients and six of the control subjects positive for organic diseases of the cerebral cortex. The difference was highly statistically significant. The Piotrowski signs in the head injury patients had a sensitivity of 65.3% specificity of 92.7% and overall diagnostic power of 78.7% clearly indicating that it is a useful test in the clinical setting.
8. Maintaining Mental Health of the Aged Through Psychosynthesis, N. L. Dosajh, pages 58-60.
This paper deals with the increasing number of the Aged and their problems especially the very serious ones like Senile dementia and Alzhmeir’s disease Hartington’s disease etc. and suggests psycho-synthesis as a means of prevention and treatment. The paper also gives very briefly the various steps of psycho-synthesis. The results are based on a trial of this method on 22 cases in the range of 35+ to 80+ years of age.
9. How Repression of Spiritual Urge Leads to Psychological Troubles, N. L. Dosajh, pages 61-64.
This paper shows the importance of ‘Spiritual urge’(S) in human beings, which, if repressed, leads to psychoneurosis, just as the repression of sexual urge does. A case-history has been reported to illustrate the phenomenon. The paper also brings out the superiority of SIS (II) in diagnosis of the problem and as an adjunct to Meditation for therapy.
10. A Proposed Model for Quantification of Abnormal Somatic Concern on SIS-II, S. K. Verma and Harprit Kaur, pages 65-68.
SIS-II, based on the theory of somatic imagery, seeks to probe into the abnormal somatic concern of the individual. There is a felt need to develop an index of this abnormal somatic concern based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the responses. A model for such an index has been suggested in the fond hope that it would stimulate others to improve upon it and thus a reliable and valid index could be developed. The present work should be viewed as an initial, relevant step only.
11. Comparative Efficacy of Pharmacotherapy and Biofeedback among Cases of Generalised Anxiety Disorder, P. Sarkar, S. P. Rathee and N. Neera, pages 69-77.
The present study purports to compare the therapeutic efficacy of Biofeedback Therapy (BFB) with Pharmacotherapy among cases of GAD. It includes 50 cases of GAD (M ; 38 & F: 12) in the age range of 20 to 55 years (Mean age 32 years), with their educational qualification, ranging from middle to graduate level and belonging to the three religions (Hindu, Muslim, Sikh).They were randomly distributed for two modes of treatment i.e., phamaco-therapy and BFB therapy (25 cases in each group). Their therapeutic effects were measured through their objective scores on Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (Hamilton, 1959) and projective responses on Somatic Inkblot Series-I (Cassell, 1980) in pre and post treatment conditions. The present study reveals the equal importance of both therapies in reducing the GAD symptoms, but the same can be better understood on projective instruments as compared to objective means of assessment.
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